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HHS Announces Revised Medicare Obesity Coverage Policy
Policy Opens Door to Coverage Based on Evidence
HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson announced a new Medicare coverage policy that would remove barriers to covering anti-obesity interventions if scientific and medical evidence demonstrate their effectiveness in improving Medicare beneficiaries' health outcomes.
"Obesity is a critical public health problem in our country that causes millions of Americans to suffer unnecessary health problems and to die prematurely. Treating obesity-related illnesses and complications adds billions of dollars to the nation's health care costs," Secretary Thompson said during testimony before the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services and Education. "With this new policy, Medicare will be able to review scientific evidence in order to determine which interventions improve health outcomes for seniors and disabled Americans who are obese and its many associated medical conditions."
The new policy from HHS' Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) removes language in the Medicare Coverage Issues Manual stating that obesity is not an illness. This step allows members of the public to request that Medicare review medical evidence to determine whether specific treatments related to obesity would be covered by Medicare.
By law, Medicare covers specified medically necessary services for illness and injury. The prior manual language, because it stated that obesity was not an illness, could prevent Medicare from covering treatments for diseases related to obesity.
"From the standpoint of Medicare coverage and the health of our beneficiaries, the question isn't whether obesity is a disease or a risk factor. What matters is whether there's scientific evidence that an obesity-related medical treatment improves health," said CMS Administrator Mark McClellan, M.D., Ph.D. "This change in Medicare's coverage policy puts the focus on public health. The medical science will now determine whether we provide coverage for the treatments that reduce complications and improve quality of life for the millions of Medicare beneficiaries who are obese."
The new policy is not expected to have an immediate impact on Medicare coverage. It does not affect the existing Medicare coverage of treatments of diseases resulting in or made worse by obesity, in particular currently covered surgical treatments for morbidly obese individuals.
However, as requests for coverage of obesity treatments are made by the public, Medicare will implement timely review of the scientific evidence, using the coverage determination procedures established in 1999 and modified by the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003. Detailed information on this process can be found on the Medicare coverage Web site www.cms.gov/coverage. Essential to this process is the submission of published, clinical trial data that demonstrate that obesity-related treatments improve the health of Medicare beneficiaries.
"We encourage and we're expecting requests to review scientific evidence evaluating the benefits of a range of treatments for obesity in the Medicare population," said CMS Chief Medical Officer Sean Tunis, M.D. "As a first step, we expect to convene our Medicare Coverage Advisory Committee in the fall to evaluate the evidence on obesity-related surgical procedures that may reduce the risk of heart disease and other illnesses."
More information about this decision can be found at http://www.cms.hhs.gov/ncdr/searchdisplay.asp?id=57
Diet Not Daunting to Adopt
Change helped post-menopausal women lose weight, study finds
-- Robert Preidt
WEDNESDAY, Aug. 4 (HealthDayNews) -- Contrary to popular belief, it's easy for people to switch from a regular diet to a vegetarian diet that's good for the heart.
So says a study in the summer issue of the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation.
"For people battling overweight and heart disease, a vegetarian diet can be a lifesaving prescription," study author Dr. Neal D. Barnard, president of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, said in a prepared statement.
"This new studyshows that patients transition smoothly to a plant-based diet
that allows them to eat to satiety and yet still lose weight. Patients are willing
to make major changes in their eating patterns because they get major results
such as lower cholesterol and reduced hypertension," Barnard said.
The women who ate the vegetarian diet lost much more weight than women in the other group. The study also found that 89 percent of the women on the vegetarian diet said they felt mostly or completely used to the diet after 14 weeks, and 86 percent said they could adhere to the vegetarian diet at least most of the time in the future.
8/3/04 Erica Collins crowned Miss Plus America 2004-2005 and Miss Plus America Spokes Model